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Treatments


Thyroid Surgery


The Thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of the neck. Thyroid surgery is done to treat Thyroid Nodules, Thyroid Cancer, and Hyperthyroidism. During this procedure, part or all of the Thyroid gland is removed.


Surgery is used to treat thyroid problems if:

Thyroid surgery is generally a safe surgery. But there is a risk of complications, including hoarseness and change of voice. The nerves that control your voice can be damaged during Thyroid surgery. Hypoparathyroidism can occur if the Parathyroid glands are mistakenly removed or damaged during a total Thyroidectomy.

Mastectomy

Mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast performed either to treat or to prevent breast cancer. Only high-risk patients have surgery to prevent cancer. There are four main types:

The surgery done depends on the stage of cancer, size of the tumour, size of the breast and whether the lymph nodes are involved. Many women have breast reconstruction to rebuild the breast after a Mastectomy.

Neck Dissections


The neck dissection is a surgical procedure for control of neck lymph node into which cancer cells may have migrated. It is a complex operation, and requires a sound knowledge of the 3-dimensional anatomy of the neck. Along with the removal of lymph nodes and surrounding tissue from the neck may also be removed for the purpose of cancer treatment. The extent of tissue removal varies considerably depending on the indication for surgery and the clinical circumstances. Numbness of the neck skin is expected after neck dissection and improves over a 6-12 month period after surgery.


Thymus Gland Surgery

The Thymus gland is a part of the body's Endocrine system and is placed beneath the breastbone. The Thymus gland plays a major role in our early years when it serves as a place for immune cells (Tlymphocytes) to mature, multiply and specialize. The gland itself grows the most during gestation and the neonatal period and then begins to shrink during puberty in response to the presence of reproductive hormones. Tumours involving the Thymus are referred to as lymphomas. The Thymus gland surgery is performed when congenital defects or cysts occur

Parathyroid Surgery

The Parathyroid glands are right behind the Thyroid gland in the neck. These glands help the body control calcium levels in the blood. Hyperparathyroidism is a disease of the Parathyroid glands when too much Parathyroid hormone is produced by an overactive Parathyroid gland. It occurs when one (or more) of the four Parathyroid glands grows into a tumour and behaves inappropriately by constantly making excess Parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid Surgery is done to treat Parathyroid disease (Hyperparathyroidism) by removing the defective Parathyroid gland

In minimally invasive Parathyroidectomy, the diseased glands are highlighted using a shot of nuclear medicine before the surgery. The surgeon will use a special probe to locate the Parathyroid gland by making a small cut on one side of the neck, and then remove the diseased gland through it. Endoscopic Parathyroidectomy reduces visible scarring, pain, and recovery time.

Adrenal Surgery




Endocrine Pancreatic Tumour Surgery

Pancreatic surgeries are done to remove the tumours growing in the Pancreas. The pancreas lies behind the stomach and in front of the spine. It makes make several kinds of hormones like insulin to control blood sugar. Pancreatic cancer begins when abnormal cells grow out of control within the pancreas. Pancreatic endocrine tumours may be functional (the hormones that are released cause symptoms) or non-functional (the hormones that are released do not cause symptoms) tumours: Functional tumours make one or more hormones, such as Gastrin, Insulin, and Glucagon that cause symptoms. Most functional tumours are benign (not cancer).

Non-functional tumours make substances that do not cause symptoms. Symptoms are caused by the tumour as it spreads and grows. Most non-functional tumours are malignant (cancer).